The Road to Jewish Civilization, Part 3: Timeless Masada
Israel, the Land of Milk and Honey, the birthplace of the Jewish People and the spiritual center of three religions, presents a unique combination of ancient history and a vibrant modern society, exotic scenery and rich culture. This 12-episode documentary series, produced by CCTV - Chinese Central Television in cooperation with the Embassy of Israel in Beijing, introduces the Jewish People and the story of the State of Israel and its development in a historical, comprehensive and systematic manner to Chinese audiences. The series is narrated in Chinese with English subtitles Episode 3: Timeless Masada In 930 BC, the united Hebrew Kingdom was split into the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah, which were successively conquered by the Assyrians and the Neo-Babylonian Empire. The Jews suffered their first Diaspora in history. In the Persian Empire period the Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem. However, after Alexander the Great conquered Jerusalem in 331 BC, the Jews were persecuted and dispersed again. In 64 BC, the Romans replaced the Greeks as ruler, and formally named this region Palestine. The Jews rebelled against the suppression. The most grand but tragic were the rebels in Masada Fortress. The Romans finally put down the rebellion, and drove the Jews out of Jerusalem. The Jews subsequently entered the third Diaspora, lasting up to 1800 years.